Japan is an East Asian island nation. It is located in the northwest Pacific Ocean, with the Sea of Japan to the west and the Sea of Okhotsk to the north, as well as the East China Sea and Taiwan to the south. Hokkaido, Honshu (the "mainland"), Shikoku, Kyushu, and Okinawa are the five main islands of Japan, which span an archipelago of 6852 islands encompassing 377,975 square kilometres (145,937 square miles). Tokyo is the country's capital and largest city, with Yokohama, Osaka, Nagoya, Sapporo, Fukuoka, Kobe, and Kyoto rounding out the top ten.
Japan is the world's eleventh most populous country and one of the world's most densely populated and urbanised. Approximately three-quarters.